Stimulants are psychoactive drugs that enhance vitality and alertness by stimulating the activation of neural signals. To increase alertness and cognitive function, stimulants act on the central nervous system. Prescription drugs or illicit substances, like methamphetamine, are considered stimulants.

Understanding Stimulant Drugs

A category of drugs that also lead to increased body movement is stimulants. Often used to improve performance and euphoric results, such drugs are known as central nervous system stimulants. This functions by increasing the amount of neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain. Those who lack stimulants usually experience high energy levels and a higher concentration.

Mental and physical functions are stimulated by stimulants, which can have positive short-term effects by increasing the dopamine amount in the brain. While users can feel very strong due to the short-term effects of stimulants, long-term misuse of such products can have significant consequences; treatment is needed as soon as someone develops a dependency to these substances.

How Are Stimulant Drugs Misused?

A person is given the majority of prescription stimulants in pill, capsule, or liquid form. Misuse of the stimulant by medication means:

  • Take medicine in a different way or dosage than recommended.
  • Take medicine from somebody else.
  • Taking medicine for the sole reason of getting high.

When a drug stimulant is misused, the medication can be taken as natural. Additionally, tablets can be broken or capsules released, the substance extracted and the solvent inserted into the vein. Some of them may snort the powder or smoke it.

What Are The Most Common Stimulant Drugs?

Based on their strength and time required, doctors will either administer amphetamines or methylphenidates. Some of the most common stimulant drugs are:


The most popular ADHD therapy drug and the most commonly prescribed amphetamine in the United States is Adderall, which was approved in 1960.


Dexedrine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant and an amphetamine, also known as dextroamphetamine. Dexedrine has been used more commonly for the diagnosis of ADHD in the US consumer market since 1976. The medication was used for fatigue-inducing humanitarian activities such as night time bombing missions or prolonged combat campaigns from World War II through the Gulf War by the national surface, the tank and the Special Forces.


The drug was licensed in 1955 to control hyperactive children. It is methylphenidate. It functions in an amphetamine-like manner, but it is milder than products dependent on amphetamines.


Concerta is a new medicine licensed for the diagnosis of ADHD in 2000. Concerta is a Ritalin extended version.


Ephedrine is most common for those with asthma, but it has a similar effect as an appetite suppressant and bronchodilator for other stimulants. Ephedrine is also used for temporarily relieving breathlessness, tightness of bronchial asthma, and wheezing. This is also used for the prevention and treatment of obesity. It is widely used as the ingredient in illicit meth labs and is often available over the counter.

Illicit Stimulants

Such medications also cause effects similar to those of prescription stimulants, and while the prescribed triggers are formulated as time-release products, the unregulated stimulants create a faster, more extreme range of effects. The stimulant list is not complete without considering heroin, crack, and crystal meth.

How Do Stimulant Drugs Affect The Body And Brain?

Effective stimulants improve dopamine and norepinephrine brain chemicals. Strengthening the enjoyable activity is rooted in dopamine. Bleeding, blood pressure, and heart rate, blood sugar and ventilation are all influenced by norepinephrine. At high doses pharmaceutical stimulants will contribute to an irregular heartbeat and heart failure, including seizures at dangerously high body temperature.

Repeated abuse of prescription stimulants may even contribute to depression, rage or anxiety within a short period. While administering a substance, it is important to note the possibility of infectious diseases like HIV and hepatitis increased by drug distribution and disordered behavior through medication misuses.

Stimulant Abuse

Misuse of prescription stimulants in severe cases may result in substance use disorder (SUD). Such drugs are the main focus of their life among people who are addicted to prescribed or illegal stimulants. An individual who is addicted sometimes avoids negative effects, be it personal or medical. If persistent use of the medication causes problems such as health problems and loss at job, education or home to satisfy commitments, a SUD occurs. Concerns for use with a healthcare provider should be addressed.

Stimulants inundate the brain with the chemical dopamine that creates joy, which is why many will use them over and over again. Addiction to stimulants can have acute and long-term health consequences. Long-term stimulant use can lead to the development of addiction, even as recommended by the doctor, which implies that a person needs higher doses of the drug to achieve the desired results.

How To Treat Stimulant Drug Abuse?

Medical detox is generally recommended for those who undergo long-term stimulant misuse, polysubstance abuse, or have co-occurring symptoms (when other addiction-related mental health disorders occur). People are supervised around the clock in a medical facility as medications are withdrawn from the body.

Although detox is the first essential step in the treatment of addiction, it is not a sure-fire method for recovery, a person needs more than just detox in recovery. Behavioral therapies, such as behavioral-compliance therapy and contingency management can help people with prescription stimulant addiction effectively. This includes motivational incentives. Cognitive-behavioral treatment seeks to modify patient perceptions and habits and can reduce stimuli and tension successfully. This method includes the recognition of thinking patterns, relating to drug abuse and then focusing on improving certain views. This will also change behavior. If drugs or other stimulants are stimulated to be used, clients then begin to choose constructive coping processes. It includes,

Contingency Management

It has been considered effective in treating calming resistance in the form of therapy involving rewards. For the attainment of some goals, such as a stable number of days, or completing a specific number of therapy appointments, participants are awarded, such as coupons with events or gifts.

The Matrix Model

It has been considered effective in treating calming resistance in the form of therapy involving rewards. For the attainment of some goals, such as a stable number of days, or completing a specific number of therapy appointments, participants are awarded, such as coupons with events or gifts. As the therapy continues, patients become more relaxed and eventually understand that after the right tools are in place, they can best help themselves.

You’ve taken the most important step towards healing if you have a dependency on stimulants and can receive aid. The recovery process can be daunting at the outset. However, countless people can provide help for you. In your path, you are not alone. Like all forms of dependency therapy, services should be personalized to suit the individual customer needs. There is no “one size fits all” approach for treatment to function for everyone so those who struggle to find a rehabilitation service that meets their particular needs are diligent to pursue one.

Talk to Someone Who’s Been There. Talk to Someone Who Can Help. Scottsdale Recovery Center® holds the highest accreditation (Joint Commission) and is Arizona’s premier rehab facility since 2009. Call 602-346-9142.